Donepezil HCL AIDS in the Treatment of Dementia and Alzheimer


Donepezil hydrochloride the common brand is Aricept with the generic name Donepezil. The drug is used to treat patients suffering from dementia, which is associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Even though it does not completely cure Alzheimer’s disease, but it plays a vital role to improve the awareness, memory and the ability of the brain to function properly. It works great in the body to restore the natural balancing substance of the brain.

It is a drug which comes in two oral forms of tablets. Before you start using Donepezil, carefully read all the information that is available on the leaflet, in case you have any further clarification, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Take this medicine orally, either with or without food, usually once in a day, before your bedtime. If you get insomnia to talk to your doctor, for any change in dosage. If you take the medicine in the form of a tablet, you can swallow it fully, do not chew or crush the tablets. The dosage is based on how your body responds to the medicine and your medical condition.

Uses of Donepezil hydrochloride

Donepezil hydrochloride tablets are used to treat symptoms of memory-related problems like dementia and also in patients who are diagnosed with mild to severe Alzheimer's disease. It slows down the breakdown of acetylcholine, which is a substance in the brain that is needed in the functioning of memory. The medicine is used in adults. It is not advisable for kids or adolescents. The doctor will start with mild dose, usually Donepezil HCl 5mg, after a month the dosage can be increased to 10 mg daily once at night. Without the knowledge of the doctor, do not change the dosage on your own.

In order to get the maximum benefit of this drug, use it regularly, do not skip any dose of medicine, it could be better to take it on the same time every day, do not expect immediate results, you could gradually feel the positive effects of this medicine in time.

Common Side effects of Donepezil are:

  • Weight loss
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle cramp
  • Insomnia
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Tremor or shaking

The side effects could last for about 1-3 weeks and then would reduce. If it still continues, inform your doctor. Most people who use this drug do not see any adverse side effects.

Consult your doctor immediately, if you get any of these serious side effects

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Difficulty in passing urine
  • Seizures
  • Black stools
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Allergic reactions like rashes or itching

This medicine may interact without drugs, so it is always safe to discuss with your doctor about other medicines, health supplements or herbs that you are using. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding your child, let your doctor know about it and then decide whether to stop or continue the use of this drug. In case of overdose, act immediately if you sense any of these serious symptoms like sweating, slow heartbeat, etc., call poison control without delay.